Tempromandibular Disorder (TMD) is made up of symptoms that involve the jaw and surrounding facial muscles, teeth, ears, and neck.
Common symptoms include:
- TMJ pain (pain in the joint)
- Face or jaw pain
- Ear pain
- Ringing in the ears
- Joint sounds (popping, clicking, or grinding)
- Muscle pain and/or tenderness
- Limited mouth opening or closing, or sideward movements
- Neck Pain
Common causes of TMD:
- Myofascial pain – The most common form of TMD; discomfort or pain in the muscles that control jaw function and the neck and shoulder muscles.
- Internal derangement of the joint – a dislocated jaw or displaced disc, or injury to the condyle.
- Degenerative joint disease – such as osteoporosis or rheumatoid arthritis in the jaw joint.
Note: a person may have one or more of these conditions at the same time.
Treatment will usually consist of a combination of exercise, manipulation, mobilization, stretching, heat, and electric stimulation.